Ohio State University Leaf 13
This page from a mid-thirteenth century Oxford Bible measures 20 x 14cm on fine, thin, supple vellum with no yellowing. The leaf is lined in brown ink, and the text is written in brown ink in an angular gothic script. There is no illumination, but initials are flourished, and book name and chapter numbers are also done in red and blue. See Denison University Leaf 13 for more information about this manuscript.
Text: 2 Chronicles 26:1-28:4 (recto) and 28:4-29:10 (verso).
Ohio State University Leaf 13 Recto
-rum sédecim, constítuit regem pro Amásia patre suo. Ipse ædificávit Áilath, et restítuit eam ditióni Juda, postquam dormívit rex cum pátribus suis. Sédecim annórum erat Ozías cum regnáre cœpísset, et quinquagínta duóbus annis regnávit in Jerúsalem: nomen matris ejus Jechélia de Jerúsalem. Fecítque quod erat rectum in óculis Dómini, juxta ómnia quæ fécerat Amásias pater ejus. Et exquisívit Dóminum in diébus Zacharíæ intelligéntis et vidéntis Deum: cumque requíreret Dóminum, diréxit eum in ómnibus. Dénique egréssus est, et pugnávit contra Philísthiim, et destrúxit murum Geth, et murum Jábniæ, murúmque Azóti: ædificávit quoque óppida in Azóto et in Philísthiim. Et adjúvit eum Deus contra Philísthiim, et contra Árabes qui habitábant in Gúrbaal, et contra Ammónitas. Appendebántque Ammónitæ múnera Ozíæ: et divulgátum est nomen ejus usque ad intróitum Ægýpti propter crebras victórias. Ædificavítque Ozías turres in Jerúsalem super portam ánguli, et super portam vallis, et réliquas in eódem muri látere, firmavítque eas. Exstrúxit étiam turres in solitúdine, et effódit cistérnas plúrimas, eo quod habéret multa pécora tam in campéstribus quam in erémi vastitáte: víneas quoque hábuit et vinitóres, in móntibus et in Carmélo: erat quippe homo agricultúræ déditus. Fuit autem exércitus bellatórum ejus, qui procedébant ad prǽlia sub manu Jéhiel scribæ, Maasiǽque doctóris, et sub manu Hanániæ, qui erat de dúcibus regis. Omnísque númerus príncipum per famílias, virórum fórtium duórum míllium sexcentórum. Et sub eis univérsus exércitus trecentórum et septem míllium quingentórum, qui erant apti ad bella, et pro rege contra adversários dimicábant. Præparávit quoque eis Ozías, id est, cuncto exercítui, clýpeos, et hastas, et gáleas, et lorícas, arcúsque et fundas ad jaciéndos lápides. Et fecit in Jerúsalem divérsi géneris máchinas, quas in túrribus collocávit et in ángulis murórum, ut mítterent sagíttas, et saxa grándia: egressúmque est nomen ejus procul, eo quod auxiliarétur ei Dóminus, et corroborásset illum. Sed cum roborátus esset, elevátum est cor ejus in intéritum suum, et negléxit Dóminum Deum suum: ingressúsque templum Dómini, adólere vóluit incénsum super altáre thymiamátis. Statímque ingréssus post eum Azarías sacérdos, et cum eo sacerdótes Dómini octogínta, viri fortíssimi, restitérunt regi, atque dixérunt: Non est tui offícii, Ozía, ut adóleas incénsum Dómino, sed sacerdótum, hoc est, filiórum Áaron, qui consecráti sunt ad hujuscémodi ministérium: egrédere de sanctuário, ne
contémpseris: quia non reputábitur tibi in glóriam hoc a Dómino Deo. Iratúsque Ozías, tenens in manu thuríbulum ut adóleret incénsum, minabátur sacerdótibus. Statímque orta est lepra in fronte ejus coram sacerdótibus, in domo Dómini super altáre thymiamátis. Cumque respexísset eum Azarías póntifex, et omnes réliqui sacerdótes, vidérunt lepram in fronte ejus, et festináto expulérunt eum. Sed et ipse pertérritus, accelerávit égredi, eo quod sensísset íllico plagam Dómini. Fuit ígitur Ozías rex leprósus usque ad diem mortis suæ, et habitávit in domo separáta plenus lepra, ob quam ejéctus fúerat de domo Dómini. Porro Jóatham fílius ejus rexit domum regis, et judicábat pópulum terræ. Réliqua autem sermónum Ozíæ priórum et novissimórum scripsit Isaías fílius Amos prophéta. Dormivítque Ozías cum pátribus suis, et sepeliérunt eum in agro regálium sepulchrórum, eo quod esset leprósus: regnavítque Jóatham fílius ejus pro eo. XXVII. Vigínti quinque annórum erat Jóatham cum regnáre cœpísset, et sédecim annis regnávit in Jerúsalem: nomen matris ejus Jerúsa fília Sadoc. Fecítque quod rectum erat coram Dómino, juxta ómnia quæ fécerat Ozías pater suus, excépto quod non est ingréssus templum Dómini: et adhuc pópulus delinquébat. Ipse ædificávit portam domus Dómini excélsam, et in muro Ophel multa constrúxit. Urbes quoque ædificávit in móntibus Juda, et in sáltibus castélla et turres. Ipse pugnávit contra regem filiórum Ammon, et vicit eos, dederúntque ei fílii Ammon in témpore illo centum talénta argénti, et decem míllia coros trítici, ac tótidem coros hórdei: hæc ei præbuérunt fílii Ammon in anno secúndo et tértio. Corroboratúsque est Jóatham, eo quod direxísset vias suas coram Dómino Deo suo. Réliqua autem sermónum Jóatham, et omnes pugnæ ejus et ópera, scripta sunt in libro regum Ísraël et Juda. Vigínti quinque annórum erat cum regnáre cœpísset, et sédecim annis regnávit in Jerúsalem. Dormivítque Jóatham cum pátribus suis, et sepeliérunt eum in civitáte David: et regnávit Achaz fílius ejus pro eo. XXVIII. Vigínti annórum erat Achaz cum regnáre cœpísset, et sédecim annis regnávit in Jerúsalem. Non fecit rectum in conspéctu Dómini sicut David pater ejus, sed ambulávit in viis regum Ísraël, ínsuper et státuas fudit Baálim. Ipse est qui adólevit incénsum in valle Benénnom, et lustrávit fílios suos in igne juxta ritum géntium quas interfécit Dóminus in advéntu filiórum Ísraël. Sacrificábat quoque, et thymiáma succendébat in excélsis, et in cóllibus, et sub omni
[2 Chronicles 26:1-28:4]
...sixteen years old, and made him king in the room of Amasias his father. 2 He built Ailath, and restored it to the dominion of Juda, after that the king slept with his fathers. 3 Ozias was sixteen years old when he began to reign, and he reigned two and fifty years in Jerusalem: the name of his mother was Jechelia of Jerusalem. 4 And he did that which was right in the eyes of the Lord, according to all that Amasias his father had done. 5 And he sought the Lord in the days of Zacharias that understood and saw God: and as long as he sought the Lord, he directed him in all things. 6 Moreover he went forth and fought against the Philistines, and broke down the wall of Geth, and the wall of Jabnia, and the wall of Azotus: and he built towns in Azotus, and among the Philistines. 7 And God helped him against the Philistines, and against the Arabians, that dwelt in Gurbaal, and against the Ammonites. 8 And the ammonites gave gifts to Ozias: and his name was spread abroad even to the entrance of Egypt for his frequent victories. 9 And Ozias built towers in Jerusalem over the gate of the corner, and over the gate of the valley, and the rest, in the same side of the wall, and fortified them. 10 And he built towers in the wilderness, and dug many cisterns, for he had much cattle both in the plains, and in the waste of the desert: he had also vineyards and dressers of vines in the mountains, and in Carmel: for he was a man that loved husbandry. 11 And the army of his fighting men, that went out to war, was under the hand of Jehiel the scribe, and Maasias the doctor, and under the hand of Henanias, who was one of the king's captains. 12 And the whole number of the chiefs by the families of valiant men were two thousand six hundred. 13 And the whole army under them three hundred and seven thousand five hundred: who were fit for war, and fought for the king against the enemy. 14 And Ozias prepared for them, that is, for the whole army, shields, and spears, and helmets, and coats of mail, and bows, and slings to cast stones. 15 And he made in Jerusalem engines of diverse kinds, which he placed in the towers, and in the corners of the walls, to shoot arrows, and great stones: and his name went forth far abroad, for the Lord helped him, and had strengthened him. 16 But when he was made strong, his heart was lifted up to his destruction, and he neglected the Lord his God: and going into the temple of the Lord, he had a mind to burn incense upon the altar of incense. 17 And immediately Azarias the priest going in after him, and with him fourscore priests of the Lord, most valiant men, 18 Withstood the king and said: It doth not belong to thee, Ozias, to burn incense to the Lord, but to the priests, that is, to the sons of Aaron, who are consecrated for this ministry: go out of the sanctuary, do not despise: for this thing shall not be accounted to thy glory by the Lord God. 19 And Ozias was angry, and holding in his hand the censer to burn incense, threatened the priests. And presently there rose a leprosy in his forehead before the priests, in the house of the Lord at the altar of incense. 20 And Azarias the high priest, and all the rest of the priests looked upon him, and saw the leprosy in his forehead, and they made haste to thrust him out. Yea himself also being frightened, hasted to go out, because he had quickly felt the stroke of the Lord. 21 And Ozias the king was a leper unto the day of his death, and he dwelt in a house apart being full of the leprosy, for which he had been cast out of the house of the Lord. And Joatham his son governed the king's house, and judged the people of the land. 22 But the rest of the acts of Ozias first and last were written by Isaias the son of Amos, the prophet. 23 And Ozias slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the field of the royal sepulchres, because he was a leper: and Joatham his son reigned in his stead.
1 Joatham was five and twenty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem: the name of his mother was Jerusa the daughter of Sadoc. 2 And he did that which was right before the Lord, according to all that Ozias his father had done, only that he entered not into the temple of the Lord, and the people still transgressed. 3 He built the high gate of the house of the Lord, and on the wall of Ophel he built much. 4 Moreover he built cities in the mountains of Juda, and castles and towers in the forests. 5 He fought against the king of the children of Ammon, and overcame them, and the children of Ammon gave him at that time a hundred talents of silver, and ten thousand measures of wheat, and as many measures of barley: so much did the children of Ammon give him in the second and third year. 6 And Joatham was strengthened, because he had his way directed before the Lord his God. 7 Now the rest of the acts of Joatham, and all his wars, and his works, are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Juda. 8 He was five and twenty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. 9 And Joatham slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of David: and Achaz his son reigned in his stead.
1 Achaz was twenty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem: he did not that which was right in the sight of the Lord as David his father had done, 2 But walked in the ways of the kings of Israel; moreover also he cast statues for Baalim. 3 It was he that burnt incense in the valley of Benennom, and consecrated his sons in the fire according to the manner of the nations, which the Lord slew at the coming of the children of Israel. 4 He sacrificed also, and burnt incense in the high places, and on the hills...
Ohio State University Leaf 13 Verso
ligno frondóso. Tradidítque eum Dóminus Deus ejus in manu regis Sýriæ, qui percússit eum, magnámque prædam cepit de ejus império, et addúxit in Damáscum: mánibus quoque regis Israël tráditus est, et percússus plaga grandi. Occidítque Phácee fílius Roméliæ, de Juda centum vigínti míllia in die uno, omnes viros bellatóres: eo quod reliquíssent Dóminum Deum patrum suórum. Eódem témpore óccidit Zechri, vir potens ex Éphraim, Maásiam fílium regis, et Ézricam ducem domus ejus, Elcánam quoque secúndum a rege. Ceperúntque fílii Israël de frátribus suis ducénta míllia mulíerum, puerórum, et puellárum, et infinítam prædam: pertulerúntque eam in Samaríam. Ea tempestáte erat ibi prophéta Dómini, nómine Oded: qui egréssus óbviam exercítui veniénti in Samaríam, dixit eis: Ecce irátus Dóminus Deus patrum vestrórum contra Juda, trádidit eos in mánibus vestris, et occidístis eos atróciter, ita ut ad cælum pertíngeret vestra crudélitas. Ínsuper fílios Juda et Jerúsalem vultis vobis subjícere in servos et ancíllas: quod nequáquam facto opus est: peccástis enim super hoc Dómino Deo vestro. Sed audíte consílium meum, et redúcite captívos quos adduxístis de frátribus vestris, quia magnus furor Dómini ímminet vobis. Stetérunt ítaque viri de princípibus filiórum Éphraim, Azarías fílius Johánan, Barachías fílius Mosollámoth, Ezechías fílius Sellum, et Amása fílius Adáli, contra eos qui veniébant de praelio, et dixérunt eis: Non introducétis huc captívos, ne peccémus Dómino. Quare vultis adjícere super peccáta nostra, et vétera cumuláre delícta? grande quippe peccátum est, et ira furóris Dómini ímminet super Israël. Dimiserúntque viri bellatóres prædam, et univérsa quæ céperant, coram princípibus, et omni multitúdine. Steterúntque viri quos supra memorávimus, et apprehendéntes captívos, omnésque qui nudi erant, vestiérunt de spóliis: cumque vestíssent eos, et calceássent, et refecíssent cibo ac potu, unxisséntque propter labórem, et adhibuíssent eis curam: quicúmque ambuláre non póterant, et erant imbecíllo córpore, imposuérunt eos juméntis, et adduxérunt Jéricho civitátem palmárum ad fratres eórum, ipsíque revérsi sunt in Samaríam. Témpore illo misit rex Achaz ad regem Assyriórum, póstulans auxílium. Venerúntque Idumaei, et percussérunt multos ex Juda, et cepérunt prædam magnam. Philísthiim quoque diffúsi sunt per urbes campéstres, et ad merídiem Juda: ce-
-perúntque Bethsámes, et Ajálon, et Gáderoth, Socho quoque, et Thamnan, et Gamzo, cum vículis suis, et habitavérunt in eis. Humiliáverat enim Dóminus Judam propter Achaz regem Juda, eo quod nudásset eum auxílio, et contémptui habuísset Dóminum. Adduxítque contra eum Thelgathphalnásar regem Assyriórum, qui et afflíxit eum, et nullo resisténte vastávit. Ígitur Achaz, spoliáta domo Dómini, et domo regum ac príncipum, dedit regi Assyriórum múnera, et tamen nihil ei prófuit. Ínsuper et témpore angústiæ suæ auxit contémptum in Dóminum, ipse per se rex Achaz, immolávit diis Damásci víctimas percussóribus suis, et dixit: Dii regum Sýriæ auxiliántur eis, quos ego placábo hóstiis, et adérunt mihi: cum e contrário ipsi fúerint ruínæ ei, et univérso Israël. Diréptis ítaque Achaz ómnibus vasis domus Dei, atque confráctis, clausit jánuas templi Dei, et fecit sibi altária in univérsis ángulis Jerúsalem. In ómnibus quoque úrbibus Juda exstrúxit aras ad cremándum thus, atque ad iracúndiam provocávit Dóminum Deum patrum suórum. Réliqua autem sermónum ejus, et ómnium óperum suórum priórum et novissimórum, scripta sunt in libro regum Juda et Israël. Dormivítque Achaz cum pátribus suis, et sepeliérunt eum in civitáte Jerúsalem: neque enim recepérunt eum in sepúlchra regum Israël. Regnavítque Ezechías fílius ejus pro eo. XXIX. Ígitur Ezechías regnáre cœpit, cum vigínti quinque esset annórum, et vigínti novem annis regnávit in Jerúsalem: nomen matris ejus Abía fília Zacharíæ. Fecítque quod erat plácitum in conspéctu Dómini, juxta ómnia quæ fécerat David pater ejus. Ipse, anno et mense primo regni sui, apéruit valvas domus Dómini, et instaurávit eas. Adduxítque sacerdótes atque Levítas, et congregávit eos in platéam orientálem. Dixítque ad eos: Audíte me, Levítæ, et sanctificámini: mundáte domum Dómini Dei patrum vestrórum, et auférte omnem immundítiam de sanctuário. Peccavérunt patres nostri, et fecérunt malum in conspéctu Dómini Dei nostri, derelinquéntes eum: avertérunt fácies suas a tabernáculo Dómini, et præbuérunt dorsum. Clausérunt óstia quæ erant in pórticu, et extinxérunt lucérnas, incensúmque non adolevérunt, et holocáusta non obtulérunt in sanctuário Deo Israël. Concitátus est ítaque furor Dómini super Judam et Jerúsalem, tradidítque eos in commotiónem, et in intéritum, et in síbilum, sicut ipsi cérnitis óculis vestris. En corruérunt patres nostri gládiis: fílii nostri, et fíliæ nostræ, et cónjuges captívæ ductæ sunt propter hoc scelus. Nunc ergo placet mihi ut ineámus fœdus
[2 Chronicles 28:4-29:10]
...and under every green tree. 5 And the Lord his God delivered him into the hands of the king of Syria, who defeated him, and took a great booty out of his kingdom, and carried it to Damascus: he was also delivered into the hands of the king of Israel, who overthrew him with a great slaughter. 6 For Phacee the son of Romelia slew of Juda a hundred and twenty thousand in one day, all valiant men: because they had forsaken the Lord the God of their fathers. 7 At the same time Zechri a powerful man of Ephraim, slew Maasias the king's son, and Ezricam the governor of his house, and Elcana who was next to the king. 8 And the children of Israel carried away of their brethren two hundred thousand women, boys, and girls, and an immense booty: and they brought it to Samaria. 9 At that time there was a prophet of the Lord there, whose name was Oded: and he went out to meet the army that came to Samaria, and said to them: Behold the Lord the God of your fathers being angry with Juda, hath delivered them into your hands, and you have butchered them cruelly, so that your cruelty hath reached up to heaven. 10 Moreover you have a mind to keep under the children of Juda and Jerusalem for your bondmen and bondwomen, which ought not to be done: for you have sinned in this against the Lord your God. 11 But hear ye my counsel, and release the captives that you have brought of your brethren, because a great indignation of the Lord hangeth over you. 12 Then some of the chief men of the sons of Ephraim, Azarias the son of Johanan, Barachias the son of Mosollamoth, Ezechias the son of Sellum, and Amasa the son of Adali, stood up against them that came from the war. 13 And they said to them: You shall not bring in the captives hither, lest we sin against the Lord. Why will you add to our sins, and heap up upon our former offences? for the sin is great, and the fierce anger of the Lord hangeth over Israel. 14 So the soldiers left the spoils, and all that they had taken, before the princes and all the multitude. 15 And the men, whom we mentioned above, rose up and took the captives, and with the spoils clothed all them that were naked: and when they had clothed and shod them, and refreshed them with meat and drink, and anointed them because of their labour, and had taken care of them, they set such of them as could not walk, and were feeble, upon beasts, and brought them to Jericho the city of palm trees to their brethren, and they returned to Samaria. 16 At that time king Achaz sent to the king of the Assyrians asking help. 17 And the Edomites came and slew many of Juda, and took a great booty. 18 The Philistines also spread themselves among the cities of the plains, and to the south of Juda: and they took Bethsames, and Aialon, and Gaderoth, and Socho, and Thamnan, and Gamzo, with their villages, and they dwelt in them. 19 For the Lord had humbled Juda because of Achaz the king of Juda, for he had stripped it of help, and had contemned the Lord. 20 And he brought, against him Thelgathphalnasar king of the Assyrians, who also afflicted him, and plundered him without any resistance. 21 And Achaz stripped the house of the Lord, and the house of the kings, and of the princes, and gave gifts to the king of the Assyrians, and yet it availed him nothing. 22 Moreover also in the time of his distress he increased contempt against the Lord: king Achaz himself by himself, 23 Sacrificed victims to the gods of Damascus that struck him, and he said: The gods of the kings of Syria help them, and I will appease them with victims, and they will help me; whereas on the contrary they were the ruin of him, and of all Israel. 24 Then Achaz having taken away all the vessels of the house of God, and broken them, shut up the doors of the temple of God, and made himself altars in all the corners of Jerusalem. 25 And in all the cities of Juda he built altars to burn frankincense, and he provoked the Lord the God of his fathers to wrath. 26 But the rest of his acts, and all his works first and last are written in the book of the kings of Juda and Israel. 27 And Achaz slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of Jerusalem: for they received him not into the sepulchres of the kings of Israel. And Ezechias his son reigned in his stead.
1 Now Ezechias began to reign, when he was five and twenty years old, and he reigned nine and twenty years in Jerusalem: the name of his mother was Abia, the daughter of Zacharias. 2 And he did that which was pleasing in the sight of the Lord, according to all that David his father had done. 3 In the first year and month of his reign he opened the doors of the house of the Lord, and repaired them. 4 And he brought the priests and the Levites, and assembled them in the east street. 5 And he said to them: Hear me, ye Levites, and be sanctified, purify the house of the Lord the God of your fathers, and take away all filth out of the sanctuary. 6 Our fathers have sinned and done evil in the sight of the Lord God, forsaking him: they have turned away their faces from the tabernacle of the Lord, and turned their backs. 7 They have shut up the doors that were in the porch, and put out the lamps, and have not burnt incense, nor offered holocausts in the sanctuary of the God of Israel. 8 Therefore the wrath of the Lord hath been stirred up against Juda and Jerusalem, and he hath delivered them to trouble, and to destruction, and to be hissed at, as you see with your eyes. 9 Behold, our fathers are fallen by the sword, our sons, and our daughters, and wives are led away captives for this wickedness. 10 Now therefore I have a mind that we make a covenant with the Lord the God of Israel...